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New Paper: The presence of sharp-edged weapon related cut mark in Joseon skull discovered at the 16th century market district of Old Seoul City ruins in South Korea

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Our paper "The presence of sharp-edged weapon related cut mark in Joseon skull discovered at the 16th century market district of Old Seoul City ruins in South Korea" is finally published in Anatomy and Cell Biology-.

https://acbjournal.org/Synapse/Data/PDFData/1049ACB/acb-50-306.pdf

A human skull was discovered at the 16th-century drainage channel of market district ruins, one of the busiest streets in the capital of Joseon kingdom. By anthropological examination, we noticed the cut mark at the right occipital part of the cranium. Judging from the wound property, it might have been caused by a strong strike using a sharp-edged weapon. As no periosteal reaction or healing signs were observed at the cut mark, he might have died shortly after the skull wound was made. We speculated that this might have been of a civilian or soldier victim who died in a battle or the decapitated head of prisoner. This is the first report about the discovery of the skull damaged by sharp-edged we…

New Paper: Helicobacter pylori DNA obtained from the stomach specimens of two 17th century Korean mummies

Our paper "Helicobacter pylori DNA obtained from the stomach specimens of two 17th century Korean mummies" is finally published in Anthropologischer Anzeiger.

https://www.schweizerbart.de/papers/anthranz/detail/prepub/88391/Helicobacter_pylori_DNA_obtained_from_the_stomach_specimens_of_two_17th_century_Korean_mummies

Abstract Helicobacter pylori is a bacterium that grows in the stomach mucosal epithelium, and can induce gastric diseases. Although many studies on modern H. pylori genomes have been reported from all over the world, a comprehensive picture of H. pylori is still lacking. Therefore, there is a pressing need to obtain archaeological specimens and to subject the ancient DNA (aDNA) extracted therefrom to analysis. Considering the typically excellent state of preservation of Joseon mummies discovered in Korea, we thus tried to isolate ancient H. pylori DNA from their mummified stomach specimens. After screening Korean mummy stomachs containing remnant H. pylori DNA, …

New Paper: Ancient Soil-Transmitted Parasite Eggs Detected from the Sixth Century Three Kingdom Period Silla Tomb

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Our new paper "Ancient Soil-Transmitted Parasite Eggs Detected from the Sixth Century Three Kingdom Period Silla Tomb" is published in Journal of Korean Medical Sciences.

https://jkms.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3346%2Fjkms.2018.33.e53

The parasitic infection patterns of the Joseon period have begun to be revealed in a series of paleoparasitological studies. However, parasitism prevailing during or before the Three Kingdom period is still relatively unexplored. In the present study, we therefore conducted parasitological examinations of soil and organic-material sediments precipitated upon human hipbone and sacrum discovered inside an ancient Mokgwakmyo tomb dating to the Silla Dynasty (57 BCE–660 CE). Within the samples, we discovered ancient Ascaris lumbricoides (eggs per gram [EPG], 46.6–48.3) and Trichuris trichiura (EPG, 32.8–62.1) eggs, the species commonly detected among Korean populations until just prior to the 1970s. These findings show that soil-transmitted parasitic infec…

New Executive Members of Korean Academy of Paleopathology and Osteoarchaeology

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Korean Academy of Paleopathology and Osteoarchaeology (KAPO) politely notify that new executive committee members are elected on December, 2017. The term of new committee is 2018-2020. Newly elected directors are Dong Hoon Shin (Seoul National University, cuteminjae@gmail.com) for president, Soong Deok Lee (Seoul National University, sdlee@snu.ac.kr) for vice-president, Sunyoung Pak (Seoul National University, suny@snu.ac.kr) for auditor and Eun Jin Woo (Sejong University, redqin@naver.com) for secretary. KAPO was founded in 2012, having played an important role in exchanging opinions among paleopathologists, holding regular academic meetings, and making advice or proposal on government policies concerning paleopathological or bioanthropological researches in South Korea. With the launch of the new executive committee, KAPO hopes to do active collaboration with paleopathologists from all over the world.

Detail is available in https://paleopathology-association.wildapricot.org/news

Workshop: 2018 Annual North American Meeting of Paleopathology Association

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Parasitology in Paleopathology – New Perspectives Using Large Data Bases

Date: 8:30 am - 11:00 am, April 10 (Tuesday), 2018
Organizers: Dong Hoon Shin,1 Morgana Camacho,2 Johnica Morrow,3 Karl Reinhard3

1 Seoul National University College of Medicine, South Korea
2 Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Brazil
3 University of Nebraska – Lincoln, USA


The goal of this workshop is the demonstration of insights that can be gained from analysis of large data sets.  These data sets, ranging from 100 to 1,000 samples, can provide epidemiological insights into transmission and pathology caused by parasites.  Large data sets also provide insights into zoonotic transmission.  Most importantly, focused studies can also connect parasitological infections with bone pathology. The core presentations are listed below:  

1) Dong Hoon Shin - - Dialogue between Paleoparasitology and History: the Scientific Data interpreted through Studies of Historical Documents 
2) Sergey Slepchenko - Parasitology and pathoecology in Russia:…
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Word Cloud of My Lab Research in 2017

Visiting: Dr. Manjil Hazarika (Cotton College)

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Dr. Manjil Hazarika, the professor of Cotton College, Guwahati, visited us for Dec 3 to 13, 2017, as the invitee of prominent foreign scholar program by Seoul National University, South Korea.

He got his PhD degree from Universität Bern, Switzerland, and currently working as Assistant Professor and Head (i/c), in Department of Archaeology, Cotton University, Guwahati, Assam, INDIA (Since November, 2015).

Please see below his great publication in Oxford University Press, about Northeast India-.

https://scontent-icn1-1.xx.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/17342481_1445813068783460_6409973600019792839_n.jpg?oh=fa9146e201d1de1f41930f89cdb87f7f&oe=5AD443F4


Abstract to Annual Meeting of Society for American Archaeology in 2018

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Final Schedule:

Session Type:Symposium
Session Topic: Southeast and South Asian Archaeology
Presentation Time: 4/12/201811:00 AM

Abstract sent to 83rd Annual Meeting of Society for American Archaeology - Washington, DC April 11–April 15, 2018

Harappan Necropolis of Rakhigarhi, India: Archaeology and Bioanthropology

Yong Jun Kim 1, Nilesh Jadhav 2, Eun Jin Woo 3, Dong Hoon Shin 1 and Vasant Shinde 2

1. Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea
2. Dept of Archaeology, Deccan College PGRI, Pune, India
3. Dept of Oral Biology, Yonsei Univ, Seoul, South Korea

The number of Harappan cemeteries so far systematically surveyed is far less than that of contemporary settlements. Necropolis site at Rakhigarhi (India) was reported earlier but in small scale investigation. Our investigation for the last three seasons (2013 to 2016) was thus designed for improving this lacuna. We first classified each burial and analyzed statistically. The Harappan people practiced rather humble burial…

Symposium held in 22nd European Meeting of the Paleopathology Association

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I am joining in organization and moderation (with Dr. Raffaella Bianucci, University of Warwick) of the 22nd European Meeting of the Paleopathology Association (PPA) that will be held in Zagreb from 28th August to 1st September 2018.

Please see below the details.

http://ppa2018.com/symposium/

Symposium 2. The ecology of climate change and infectious diseases:
 a gateway between past and present

Symposium organizers and moderators: Drs Raffaella Bianucci (University of Warwick) and Dong Hoon Shin (Seoul National University)

Long before the aetiological agents of several infectious pathogens were discovered in the 19th century, humans were aware that climatic factors affect epidemic diseases. Infectious agents- viruses, bacteria, protozoa and multicellular parasites- vary greatly in size, type and mode of transmission, their life cycles being climate-adapted. Therefore, changes in climatic conditions (i.e. temperature, precipitation, and sea level rise) and climate variability may affec…

Publications in 2017

Publication of My Lab in 2017-. Thank you for your help, my dear colleagues-.

E2017-1. Seo M, Oh CS, Hong JH, Chai J-Y, Cha SC, Bang Y, Cha IG, Wi YG, Park JM and Shin DH. Estimation of Parasite Infection Prevalence of Joseon People by Paleoparasitological Data Updates from the Coprolites of Pre-modern Korean Mummies. Anthropological Science Vol. 125 (2017) No. 1 p. 9-14.

E2017-2. Fujita H and Shin DH. Preface to the Special Issue on Paleopathology. Anthropological Science Vol. 125 (2017) No. 1 p. 1-2

E2017-3. Yi Suk Kim, Myeung Ju Kim, Jong Ha Hong, Chang Seok Oh, Raffaella Bianucci, and Dong Hoon Shin. The Scientific and Ethical Background of the Invasive Studies on the Korean Mummies of the Joseon Dynasty. 2017. Asian Journal of Paleopathology. Vol. 1, pp. 5-11.

E2017-4. Ji Hyun Lee, Hong Xuan Jin, Sohee Cho, Han Na Kim, Hee Jin Seo, Kyoung-Jin Shin, Dong Hoon Shin, Soong Deok Lee, Y chromosomal deletion pattern in Koreans inhabiting Jeju Island. Anthropologischer Anzeiger.74/3 (2…

Special Lecture: Medical Grand Round: Asan Medical Center.

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I am honored to have a chance to give a special lecture for Medical Grand Round, Depaterment of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center.

The lecture topic was "The History of Diseases in Dialogue Between History, Archaelogy and Medicine".


"Paleopathology in Asia" Session in 2018 IPPA Congress

2nd Call for Abstracts

We politely ask you to join in our session proposal for upcoming 2018 IPPA congress. We already had our own paleopathology session in previous 2014 IPPA meeting (“Paleopathology in Asia” session). This session is the update of the studies after then on. Please send your abstract to us if you hope to join in our session.

The Indopacipic Prehistory Association Congress will open on Sunday 23 September and sessions will run on Monday 24, Tuesday 25, Thursday 27 and Friday 28 September, 2018. The venue is Hue, the famous medieval capital city of Vietnam.

Organizers: Drs. Hisashi Fujita (Niigata College of Nursing, Japan) and Dong Hoon Shin (Seoul National University, South Korea)

Session Title: Recent Progress in Paleopathology of Asia

Abstract: Recently, paleopathology has been established in Asia as the indispensable research for revealing ancient people’s health and disease status by studies on the tissues remnant in archaeologically obtained biological specimens.…